What are the 5 causes and effects of obesity?

            Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. Nowadays, obesity has become a major issue in most of the developed countries in the world. It seems that more people died from being overweight than being underweight. This cause of concern needs to be addressed properly in our society. In this article, we will discuss about 5 causes and effects of obesity (5 sebab dan kesan obesiti).

5 Causes of Obesity

1. Food and activity

These two are the most common causes of obesity. People who ate a lot of unhealthy food will have a higher chance of being obese. Foods such as junk foods, cholesterol-related foods and sweet foods are the main culprit. Besides, being inactive can only fasten the process of being overweight. People are advised to do exercise for at least 30 minutes every day for five days a week to have a healthy lifestyle.

2. Genetics

A study has shown that people who were born to an obese parent is susceptible to obesity. However, other factors such as eating excessive foods and physical inactivity might be needed for the person to put on excess weight.

3. Environment

The world around us plays a major role in determining our lifestyle. For example, living in an area without gyms, parks, sidewalks or restaurants that sell healthy foods is not helpful for someone who wants to fight obesity.

4. Illnesses and medications

Some diseases such as hypothyroid, Cushing syndrome and Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can increase a person’s weight. Furthermore, medications like steroids, antidepressant and seizure drugs can also contribute to obesity.

5. Emotion

Some people might turn to food when they are stressed, angry or upset. This habit is not good for the body. Plus, a study also indicated that people who sleep less are exposed to obesity. This might be caused by certain hormones that encourage weight gain.

5 Effects of Obesity

1. Diabetes

Diabetes happens when your sugar level in your blood is too high. It is one of the main diseases in most of the countries in this world. Diabetes is dangerous as it can lead to other chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart and also kidney diseases.

2. Hypertension

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. Same as diabetes, it has a potential to contribute to other chronic diseases as well. This includes heart disease, stroke and kidney problems.

3. Heart disease

People with obesity are at higher risk of developing a coronary heart disease. Plus, obesity is the main reason for other heart-related diseases that include heart attacks, arrhythmia and heart failure.

4. Respiratory disorder

Most people with obesity will have a respiratory problem. The fact that they are overweight will lower their lung capacity. They might be susceptible to asthma attack, lung infections, pulmonary hypertension and also obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

5. Cancer

Cancer is a chronic disease that terrifies most of us. This is because it has been known to be the cause of death for almost any age of people. A study proves that as body mass index (BMI) increases, the risk of getting cancer will also increase.

            Obesity is always a worry as it might cause a lot of health problems in the future. Luckily, it can be prevented by regular tests and check ups. The key in making this as a success story is to undergo a healthy lifestyle. Remember, choosing what you eat carefully and living an active life might be your lifesaver. It is not too late to change. After all, the choice is in your hand.