Fred Lunde

  • We and others have recently described the high prevalence and wee1 of β-HPVs at non-cutaneous anatomic sites (Bottalico et al., 2011; Forslund et al., 2013; Sichero et al., 2014, 2015; Torres et al., 2015; Agalliu et al., 2016). The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of 43 β-HPV types among samples collected at the same time p…[Read more]

  • Unlike the blood samples from dogs, in mosquito vectors we detected both D. immitis and D. repens in Ae. albopictus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the presence of Dirofilaria spp. DNA in Ae. albopictus mosquitoes in France. Previous studies in other endemic regions (e.g., Italy, the USA and Taiwan) have reported that…[Read more]

  • Complement factors also decreased the amount of PK-resistant PrPSc in 22L-infected neurons in the earlier time point after complement reaction, which occurred following the increased localization of PrPSc into lysosomes. After that, however, complement reaction increased the amount of PK-resistant PrPSc. One possibility is that PrPSc that was…[Read more]

  • By engaging and empowering farmers to recognise changes and signs of disease in their livestock, there is potential to increase the resilience of farmers to changing situations, including hydrological and seasonal changes in water availability, wildlife contact, and changing temperature patterns that could drive altered patterns of disease…[Read more]

  • In humans, most S. agalactiae infections in neonates are caused by capsular types Ia, Ib, or III (Morozumi et al., 2015). In contrast to elephants and other animal species, non-typable isolates are uncommon in humans (Rosini et al., 2015). Based on the mentioned differences there is presently no clue that S. agalactiae isolates from elephants…[Read more]

  • Consistent with histopathologic results obtained in early studies by Anderson and Chandler (1975) during S. aureus IMI in mice, in the present study S. aureus strain A triggered an acute pro-inflammatory response from initial observations until 120h pi that was associated with a reduction in the number of bacteria recovered from mammary glands,…[Read more]

  • In an age when we can detect a wide variety of intracranial and intraspinal lesions in moments using sophisticated imaging techniques, we expect to be able to gather and access accurate information at a pace. After all, you did not wait for this issue of to arrive in the post or trudge down to the library to read it; you accessed it instantly via…[Read more]

  • The HIV-1 structural protein Gag has been shown to interact with G3BP1 and eEF2 to dissolve SGs, which is critical for the block to SG assembly (Ohn et al., 2008; Valiente-Echeverria et al., 2014). HIV-1 also appears to be able to dissolve other forms of SGs such as those induced by selenite but through a mechanism that does not require eEF2…[Read more]

  • Members of the CDC family, including PLO, share a fairly well-conserved three-dimensional structure, which is composed of four β-sheet rich domains (domains 1–4) (Jost and Billington, 2005). Each of the four domains plays a specialized role in the process to form a ring shaped pore on cell membrane (Xu et al., 2010). As revealed by analysis of th…[Read more]

  • A relationship between horse breed and the risk of developing uveitis has been established, with a previous study indicating a much higher risk in Appaloosas compared to Thoroughbreds (Angelos et al., 1988). Dwyer et al. (1995) confirmed this finding and also noted that Appaloosas were at an increased risk of becoming blind compared to other b…[Read more]

  • IntroductionHepatitis C virus (HCV) chronically infects the liver hepatocytes of around 150 million people worldwide, and is a major cause of end-stage liver disease (Shepard et al., 2005). It is a single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus that uses its 9.6kb genome as a template for both translation of the viral polyprotein and transcription of…[Read more]

  • In the Far Eastern okrug other branches of the defence industry are not strongly represented. In Khabarovsk krai there are two enterprises of the conventional arms industry concerned with producing equipment and supplies for the ground forces, the ‘Amurskii patronnyi zavod “Vympel” in Amursk, making cartridges, and the Khabarovsk…[Read more]

  • AcknowledgementsThe study was funded by the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory of the United Arab Emirates. MG and ZK were supported by the Momentum programme (Lendület LP 2012–22) of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.IntroductionPorcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a member of genus Alphacoronavirus in the family Coronaviridae, was fi…[Read more]

  • ConclusionsJapanese encephalitis virus is primarily a cause of human encephalitis and is endemic throughout Asia, especially where environmental conditions promote abundance of the main mosquito vector, Cx. tritaeniorhyncus. However, a range of domestic animals are susceptible to disease. In addition, livestock losses in the form of foetal…[Read more]

  • MethodsResultsDiscussionThe in-house ELISA used in this study is based in a unique S. scabiei immunodominant antigen Ssλ20ΔB3, a major structural antigen located all over the mite’s body (Casais et al., 2007), in contrast with other ELISAs based on a standard scabies extract with multiple mite antigens. The ELISA used in this study is based on…[Read more]

  • Herpesviral DNA in the virion is not associated with histones, but instead the negative charges are apparently neutralized by the polyamine spermine. Upon entry into the host cell nucleus of dividing cells, HSV DNA is rapidly associated with histones (Cliffe and Knipe, 2008; Oh and Fraser, 2008), and heterochromatin modifications are rapidly put…[Read more]

  • As in other studies conducted for the investigation of EIAV replication, through the quantitation of the vRNA loads in plasma from which the cellular part was removed, the PCR could have also amplified proviral DNA that could have been present in the sample. In our case we did not include treatment with DNAase, as also omitted by other authors…[Read more]

  • The mean elongated root lengths for 40 necrotic immature permanent incisors treated with different types of filing (ultrasonic or hand) and different intracanal medications (MTA or calcium hydroxide) are shown in Table 3. In general, the mean elongated root length for necrotic open-apex incisors treated with MTA (2.1 ± 0.2 mm) was sig…[Read more]

  • ExperimentalThe electrochemical experiments were performed at room temperature, using Ag/AgCl and Pt-mesh as reference and auxiliary electrodes, respectively. The exposed surface of the working electrode in the solution was circular in shape with an area of 1cm2. The working electrode was a cylindrical disc cut from a specimen of S236JR having the…[Read more]

  • The genetic basis of HSP is unclear. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association of MCP1/CCL2 −2518T and the risk of susceptibility to HSP. MCP-1 expression is inducible by proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β) through NF-κB in various cell types. The gene expression of the MCP1/CCL2 −2518C/T polymo…[Read more]

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